The 7 Most In-Demand Programming Languages of 2018

Software development is a dynamic field. New and in-demand programming languages, frameworks and technologies can emerge, rise to fame, and then fade away in the course of a few years. Developers need to constantly be learning new skills to stay relevant. At Coding Dojo, we’re continually evaluating which programming languages are in high demand from employers so we can prepare our students to enter the job market. There are many ways to measure a programming language’s popularity, but we believe examining job demand is most useful because it shows developers the skills to learn to improve their career prospects.

To accomplish that, we analyzed data from job website on twenty-five programming languages, stacks and frameworks to determine the top seven most in-demand coding languages as we move into 2018. This analysis is based on the number of job postings for each language. Some languages like Swift and Ruby didn’t make the top seven because they have lower job demand, even though developers love them. You can read the results of similar analysis from 2016 and 2017 on our blog.

Here’s our list, in order from most to least in-demand.


1. Java

Java decreased in popularity by about 6,000 job postings in 2018 compared to 2017, but is still extremely well-established. Java is over 20 years old, used by millions of developers and billions of devices worldwide, and able to run on any hardware and operating system through the Java Virtual Machine. All Android apps are based on Java and 90 percent of Fortune 500 companies use Java as a server-side language for backend development. Java Enterprise Edition 8 and Java 9 both launched in September 2017 as the Eclipse Foundation took over managing Java EE from Oracle.

2. Python

Python grew in popularity by about 5,000 job postings over 2017. It is a general-purpose programming language used for web development and as a support language for software developers. It’s also widely used in scientific computing, data mining and machine learning. The continued growth and demand for machine learning developers may be driving the popularity of Python.

3. JavaScript

JavaScript, the grandfather of programming languages, is roughly as popular today as it was in our last blog post. That’s no surprise to us – JavaScript is used by over 80% of developers and by 95% of all websites for any dynamic logic on their pages. Several front-end frameworks for JavaScript such as React and AngularJS have huge future potential as IoT and mobile devices become more popular, so we doubt we’ll see JavaScript drop in popularity anytime soon.

4. C++

C++ changed very little in popularity from early 2017 to now. An extension of the old-school “C” programming language, C++ is usually used for system/application software, game development, drivers, client-server applications and embedded firmware. Many programmers find C++ complex and more difficult to learn and use than languages like Python or JavaScript, but it remains in use in many legacy systems at large enterprises.

5. C#

C# (pronounced “C sharp”) went down slightly in demand this year. C# is an object-oriented programming language from Microsoft designed to run on Microsoft’s .NET platform and to make development quicker and easier than Microsoft’s previous languages. C# 7.2 came out in November, adding several new features geared towards avoiding unnecessary copying. C#, like C++, is heavily used in video game development, so any aspiring video game developers would do well to learn both of them.

6. PHP

PHP, a scripting language used on the server side, moved up to number six in our ranking over number nine last year. Most developers use PHP for web development, either to add functions that HTML can’t handle or to interact with MySQL databases.

7. Perl

Perl dropped by about 3,000 job postings and stayed in seventh place in our analysis. Perl 5 and Perl 6 are both chugging along and Perl continues to be popular for system and network administrators and as a glue language.

Up and Comers

These are the languages that haven’t made it onto our top seven yet, but have been growing in use and popularity in 2017. Keep an eye out for them in the future!

  • Swift: Swift, the programming language for iOS and macOS that Apple release in 2014, came in at number 14 on our list. This may be partially because many job posting ask for “iOS” experience without naming specific languages. Swift has been growing steadily in popularity since it launched according to IEEE Spectrum and Stackify.
  • R: R came in at number 11 on our list, but we expect we’ll see it climb in our ranking in the next few years. It’s rising in popularity in both international and US search rankings and was the “least-disliked” language on a Stack Overflow survey this year. Its growth may be due to the growth of big data analysis jobs.
  • Rust: Although Rust ranks low on our list, it has been steadily growing in popularity according to Google Trends data.

Other Technologies Developers Should Know

These software frameworks or technologies aren’t technically programming languages, but are still important for developers to know in 2018 and are commonly advertised technical skills for developers found on Indeed.

  • SQL: SQL is the standard query language for storing, retrieving and manipulating data in databases. It’s not technically a programming language since it lacks looping and other basic functions, but extensions like PL/SQL have added some of these. SQL is in extremely high job demand, with over 30,000 more job postings mentioning it than our top programing language, Java. If you only have time to learn one new technology in 2018, this is the one to pick.
  • .NET: .NET is Microsoft’s platform for desktop, web, mobile, gaming and IoT app development. It was made open-source in 2016 and is used by the C#, Visual Basic and F# programming languages. .NET Core, a cross platform .NET implementation, extends .NET to iOS, Linux, and Android. Many Windows applications run on .NET, making it extremely prevalent in the business world and we expect it to become more popular now that it’s become open-source.
  • Node: Node.js is an open-source run-time environment that allows JavaScript code to be run on the server side, allowing web developers to use one language for an entire web application. Node.js was the twelfth most-popular technology in our analysis, not good enough to make the list but enough to show a solid demand for these skills. We recommend that any JavaScript developers spend some time with Node.js to make themselves more well-rounded, even if they focus on the client side.
  • MEAN: The MEAN stack (MongoDB, ExpressJS, AngularJS and Node.js) ranked eighteenth in our analysis. Using the MEAN stack allows you to create an entire application using JavaScript, which is simple, quick and highly versatile. Learning MEAN will give any developer a strong background in one of the most common and active programming languages in the world.

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104 thoughts on “The 7 Most In-Demand Programming Languages of 2018

  1. This article is very much helpful and I hope this will be useful information for the needed one. Keep on updating these kinds of informative things

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  9. We have given you great information, we hope that you will continue to provide such information even further.

  10. A great deal of work! Thanks a lot for writing this useful content. I’ve found some details which I didn’t know.

  11. When it comes to data science, R has been the go-to choice. Not seeing R was pretty interesting. Although, I believe R and Python have a cut-throat competition.

  12. Great article! But PHP is on the 6th position, really?
    PHP is one of the top, widely used and most active developer communities. PHP technology has quite a lot of different frameworks and tools working with you can do plenty of programming task. PHP is an open development language that can be modified to the required functionality. For example Zend is one of the top PHP framework packs a range of features. I guess this technology can be useful for lots of projects.

  13. I just want to say a Thank you for this piece of information. it was so helpful and is logical

  14. I think there will be huge demand for programming language like java. Java is old language, it’s easy to learn and it has a great future ahead.

  15. is a very important framework for the developer. It is easy to use and understand. The tools of this framework are amazing and updated.

  16. I think Java is the best programming language to learn. There will be a huge demand for programmers and an increase. I will look at the best way to learn Java and I think I’ve come to the right place where I can learn java programming easily. keep sharing.

  17. Very informative ratings chart for the prospective coders as its a very competitive field and only the fittest can survive.
    Emerging AI and blockchain technologies will change the coding landscape completely within few years from now

  18. I was looking for some new languages for a developer.
    I haven’t heard about any of the upcoming ones till now.

    Thanks for share
    Community Manager at

  19. Thank you for this wonderful information. All these programming languages are very important for all students who want to get good job in IT sector.Once again thank you

  20. Thanks for sharing. As in a part of Python Development, it gives me more encouragement to work further with more enthusiasm.

  21. This week MEAN is the hot topic. Ten years ago it was LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, Perl).

    I’ve been in the industry 30+ years, if you’re a good programmer and understand programming structures, you’ll make it. I started with COBOL, VSAM, ISAM, CICS and FOCUS. Then VB and MS-ACCESS and MS-SQL. Then .NET and SQL. Along the way, Oracle and Postgres. Now back to MS-SQL. Been an analyst, DBA, CNE, network admin, front-end programmer, DB programmer.

    Some random thoughts from a 61 year old IT professional
    One – be flexible in regards to the jobs you take. If you can learn a new skillset, then consider it. If it adds to your resume, consider it. If it is a contract and pays really, really well, consider it.

    Two – accept the fact this industry is constantly changing and you will have to re-tool yourself every couple of years. It is the nature of the beast.

    Three – Unless you’re being promoted, pay increases and challenged, move on, you’re considered nothing more than a tool; don’t languish in any gig. Great work environment is important, pats on the back are welcomed, feeling good about yourself and the work you do is critical but if you can’t spend it at the grocery store, it’s not worth crap. That employee of the month plaque I received at MetroPCS in 2008 has long been thrown away and wasn’t worth the hours I put in. Money talks, bullshit walks.

    Four – implement the no asshole policy. You don’t have to work for an asshole, they’re not going to change and you don’t have to put up with it. You’re skilled and in demand. Move on.

  22. Thanks for sharing the descriptive information on Java tutorial. It’s really helpful to me since I’m taking Java training. Keep doing the good work and if you are interested to know more on Java.

  23. Good article/blog! What do you think ? Is ‘Node JS’ capable of capturing the web market?

  24. in really, i don’t know any programming plz suggest me for learning programing language in which such as javascript, sql,java,c++,etc. in short time.whose language will be demandable for me from above languages according to this age.

  25. thank you for your valuable information.i study electrical and computer engineering in communication engineering stream and please advice me what can I do with my stream related to programming on my graduation project.

  26. Yes what you said true, .NET has changed and improved in a span of 15 years. With .NET Core, even more, things are changed, including the entire ASP.NET stack being completely overhauled. The C# programming language was around for about 15 years and continues to improve over time. Thanks a lot for this article.

  27. How old would one have to be to think that Javascript is “the grandfather of programming languages”?

  28. Thanks for sharing this information.The programming languages are very important to improve computing knowledge.

  29. Well done! It is so well written and interactive. Keep writing such a brilliant piece of work. Glad I came across this post.

  30. This post is very good and informative, it contains all the information about the different programming languages.

  31. I am doing engineering in domain of cse .I learnt java in coaching class specially….next what languages to learnt to get a better job (shall I learn phython next please guide me)

  32. Please take these language lists only as a rough approximation of jobs. Firstly, the most commonly used programming language is Excel/VBA. Hundreds of millions of people program in that environment every day. Maybe you don’t consider it a programming language, but in my book, if you are spending time staring into a screen and trying to figure out what the computer did, you are programming in my book! Few products are built in Python, but since it is such a handy and easy to learn scripting language it has taken over what you used to accomplish in BASH. So companies will mention, hey, you should know Python. The mobile space is dominated by either Swift/Objective-C for iOS, and Java for Android, and the enterprise space is dominated by Java, and the web space is dominated by of course Javascript/CSS/HTML, often in conjunction with any of dozens of frameworks. Those are the key job skills in use today by the bulk of companies, which operate like a herd and try to have interchangeable skill positions. But the real important thing for a person to provide is value to their employer, and learning a more esoteric, but highly productive toolchain is a better strategy. Languages wax and wane in popularity, but productivity is in demand. So if you are a concurrent programmer, and want to handle 100,000 simultaneous threads, learn Erlang/Elixir, and if you are a math maven, learn R/Mathematica, and if you are a realtime embedded fan, learn one of the special languages and toolchains of that world. A human language has millions of words, and takes a long time to learn, while a computer language typically only has about 200 words, and can be learned in a few dozen hours. Sure mastery takes a lot longer, but let’s stop treating these languages like they were a big deal to learn. As a professional in your field, you will encounter dozens of tools and languages. None of these lists ever mention text processing languages like Sed/Awk/Icon/etc., yet they are among the most valuable tools to employers who often have to massage big data sets before stuffing them into a database. Recruiters are so ignorant, they don’t even know how to ask for skills like that, yet these sorts of tasks pop up constantly.

  33. JavaScript is on fire recently for sure and probably will be for years to come. Just take a look how much investment into JS is coming from Facebook, Microsoft, Google. Full stack projects can be built just by javascript, that’s a huge power

  34. Why ASP.Net is not mentioned in this list? Is ASP.Net is not a good language for IT sector jobs?

  35. Decent one, have for a long while been itching to take in more about the programming dialects particularly the PHP and I discover this article extremely valuable and educative. I value your work and I anticipate a greater amount of this technology.

  36. Hi,
    Working almost 0 years in IT .net testing, support implementation, and system analyst, I always wanted to be a .net developer. Now plan to learn any language after google I came across python language is easy to learn without having any programming background, Is the age matters to learn to programme coz I’m 42 now. Really appreciate for your valuable advice and how to get a start. what will be the best approach?

    Thank you.

  37. Um…yeah…I’ll take this list with a grain of salt. Here’s some of the languages that I know about.

    If you do Web, then LAMP and MEAN are your friends. If I’m doing a Windows application, then C++/C# is the way to go. I don’t think that Python is in high enough use to warrant it’s position on the list. It is easy to use though and worth learning. C/C++ is still in strong use today.

    Java’s only claim to fame is that it is cross-platform. It’s similar to C++ but with some differences. The really big drawback with Java is that it’s slow because it’s an interpreted language. Some of the schools are now teaching OpenGL with Java… Really? So you are going to use a high-speed graphics API with an interpreted language? Perhaps on mobile devices…

    But for what I do: System Software and firmware, the languages of choice are C and assembler. Sometimes C++ to make things more elegant on the system side, but never in firmware.

  38. According to this website python jobs are increaing rapidly but java is the most popular language.So I am learning java and python.

  39. Nice one, have always wanted to learn more about the programming language sespecially the PHP and I find this article very useful and educative. I appreciate your work and I look forward to more of this.

  40. This is one of the best and interesting article because it’s informative and well researched, hopefully, this will help me.

  41. Its also a lot about how manageable you code can be. Liability that is left as people move on to other lives.
    Languages like NodeJS(which is basically javascript) is not strong typed and everything you type is just like working in notepad. An enterprise size application can get very lost very quick. Same with PHP, it is like working in the old classic ASP pages days.
    A c# project, in visual studio, someone else can come in and work on the project exponentially more realistic than 700 thousand scattered lines of notepad text files that absolutely requires tribal knowledge from the original creator to effectively work on the code.

  42. After 30 years of mainframe COBOL application development, I’m not really interested in Web development. Most of my career I worked on what you guys would call “chron” jobs, batch file programming, and real-time transaction back-end processing using non-interactive CICS programming where I developed a methodology of daisy chaining small fast modules connected by transient data queues to process transactions by passing them along a chain of programs in a predefined envelope.

    So today, when I say there is no work for me in the mainframe area, you can believe it. I’ve tried for over two years to find work, but all the jobs have gone to Bangalore. At 59 years old, I have a hard time believing that someone is going to hire me as an entry level coder on an OOP project.

    Anyway, I have no real interest in “Web” development. I would rather work server side or on custom in-house desktop applications. Is that even possible? I’m not graphically inclined, believe me I tried, HTML, CSS, Bootstrap, GRID, I’m a perfectionist, and no matter what I do, it’s never good enough. I used to work with the JAVA guys, writing code to provide them data from the mainframe. They would tell me what they need, I’d build a query put into a COBOL program, and then they would send me the parameters for the query, and I would send back the result set. Doesn’t anyone do that type of work on the server-side? When you become a Full-Stack developer, do you ever really do anything well? We used to call that guy a jack of all trade, but a master of none.

  43. Overall this is a “good” analysis except we are in the early months of 2018 and some language “age” discrepancy.
    I was welcomed into the programming world in 2003 – 15 years ago! There are some explanations needed here.
    C/C++ are still needed like COBOL (yes, surprise! Surprise!) in the mainframes environment such as older insurance and banking organization.
    Java remains the king as it works with main programming language with some touches of C++ since it runs almost on anything including this pc and this item you are reading this posting on, it be an iPad, a laptop, a PC or smart phone… maybe even your TV (or a toaster).
    Python and R: There should not be a #2 ranking and unranked type of difference! They are highly in demand these days with Big Data, Business Intelligence, Scientific research, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning etc… are growing. I would say both should be high in demand in the coming years. Pearl? PHP?… they are on the way out… Of course they will survive long enough like COBOL nevertheless, they are on the way out.
    JavaScript. It’s not going anywhere. It’s also possibly the easiest language available. Yet, don’t learn it in hope of finding a job purely with this language. Many programmer like myself are expected to know it along with the REAL programming languages such as C#, C++ and Java. It’s like a mandatory add-on item for any programmer. Many consider it as a script, not a language. To me, any code/script your write to tell a computer to interpret is a language.
    C#: I’m not sure why it’s going down. I was thinking since the Microsoft’s .NET environment platform is growing in demand with large organizations and MS has not plan to change that, I thought it would grow exponentially by now. Then again, it’s is still too early for a new language like C# to grow like that. So, I’m pretty sure it’ll stay around for decades to come with modest growth.
    Things to consider: In my opinion, I would advise potential programmers to learn a combination of high-level /solid programming languages (Java, C#, C++) along with the new comers like R. Not only that, SQL works well with most languages and essentially all enterprises. So, consider SQL! Finally, I would say learn any language that is used to develop some of the well-known SRM, CRM, ERP etc, like Dynamics AX (X++ on Morph-X environment), SAP FI or FICO (ABAP/ ABAP4 language), Oracle EBS (PL/SQL). Did I say “SQL”?. Of course most of them use a combination of different languages. But, if you learn the above languages, you’ll be in a good position to be on the “high-demand” side!
    I know this is not a complete list of what I’ve on my mind! Sorry! If you know your entry, let me know I can send a complete guide to your preference.

  44. Hmm Once again, Java is on the top!, I think it is due to the higher maturity level and the cross-functionality which made it King, It is a fact that due to the various advantages of Java, passionate developers love it very much.

  45. This article changed my vision for programming, and I recognized the importance of Java. I really did not know that Java is so important.I want to learn java and JavaScript later.

  46. What about Ruby/Rails? Often times I keep seeing how in-demand this language is in many IT job postings….

  47. I would say the language you want to learn needs to depend on what you want to do. All programming is not the same. Network programming is a different skill and programming language from web development or desktop development. I would never create a desktop app for windows using Java. I wouldn’t even create a web site using Java. I would use Java for devices, servers, and some network. If you look at the stats, there are more people using C# for web development than Java. However, the current skills for web development will probably transition to AngularJS, React, or NodeJS. You should tune your skills appropriately.

  48. Is which java is preferable to study ?…and which is useful in software field or IT?..could you give some suggestion to me..

  49. How is JavaScript the “grandfather of programming languages”? It has been first introduced in the same year as Java & PHP, and is more recent than Python, Perl, & C++.

  50. Despite the fact that even straight “ANSI” SQL has functions and most flavors of SQL allow for at least one type of User Defined Functions and most have the ability to loop AND things like SELECT are actually a loop (“Pseudo-Cursor”) behind the scenes that can normally be taken full advantage of as a loop without actually having to write a loop, it’s interesting that people still don’t recognize SQL as a “language” per se`. I suspect it’s the folks that think SQL and relational database engines are just a place to store data and don’t really know SQL much beyond what their ORMS can provide for them or the 5 basic statements.

    It’s actually an amazing language and the better renditions of it provide truly amazing features even without bolt-ons such as Haddop, R, Python, PowerShell, SSIS, SSRS, SSAS, SSSB, etc. Others complain that it’s slow compared to languages like C#, etc, but that’s only because people frequently don’t know how to use it correctly and they’re totally unaware of all the error checking and logging that it does behind the scenes, all things that would make typical C# code that does the same thing run much slower and still without the same robust environment it provides.

    While you still may disdain using it, it IS the language of data and, if you get good at it (and I’m not talking about most people’s paltry definition of “good”) and can get the wicked, nasty-fast, very high performance out of it that it’s easily capable of, you’ll be in very high demand.

    Unfortunately, most people that think they’re good at it, are not, simply because they’ve not actually spent much time to actually learn what it is truly capable of doing. Real life examples of the Dunning–Kruger effect are easy to come by. Just round up a dozen or two resumes where people claim knowledge of SQL and especially “performance tuning” and then find someone that truly has the skill and understands the art to interview them. It will also clearly demonstrate why so many people don’t think of SQL as a language. 😉

  51. Can I borrow your crystal ball?

    “Java decreased in popularity by about 6,000 job postings in 2018 compared to 2017”.

    I am just wondering how else you know how many Java job postings there are going to be in 2018.

  52. Perl included but not Ruby. I don’t know where you’re getting your data from but it’s definitely bad data.

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