The 9 Most In-Demand Programming Languages of 2016

Glassdoor recently published a report on the top 25 lucrative, in-demand jobs. More than half of the jobs listed are in tech and require programming skills. If you’re interested in a fast-growing and lucrative career, you might want to make learning to code next on your checklist!

Next comes the hard part – deciding on the best programming language to learn.

To help narrow things down, we compiled data from (database including current computer programmer jobs). While this isn’t an extensive list, it does provide insight into the most in-demand programming languages sought after by employers.




Breakdown of the 9 Most In-Demand Programming Languages


1. SQL

It’s no surprise SQL (pronounced ‘sequel’) tops the job list since it can be found far and wide in various flavors. Database technologies such as MySQL, PostgreSQL and Microsoft SQL Server power big businesses, small businesses, hospitals, banks, universities. Indeed, just about every computer and person with access to technology eventually touches something SQL. For instance, all Android phones and iPhones have access to a SQL database called SQLite and many mobile apps developed Google, Skype and DropBox use it directly.


2. Java

The tech community recently celebrated the 20th anniversary of Java. It’s one of the most widely adopted programming languages, used by some 9 million developers and running on 7 billion devices worldwide. It’s also the programming language used to develop all native Android apps. Java’s popularity with developers is due to the fact that the language is grounded in readability and simplicity. Java has staying power since it has long-term compatibility, which makes sure older applications continue to work now into the future. It’s not going anywhere anytime soon and is used to power company websites like, and For more info behind Java’s popularity, see our beginner’s guide to Java.


3. JavaScript

JavaScript – not to be confused with Java or mean stack development – is another one of the world’s most popular and powerful programming languages, and is used to spice up web pages by making them interactive. For example, JavaScript can be used to add effects to web pages, display pop-up messages or to create games with basic functionality. It’s also worth noting that JavaScript is the scripting language of the World Wide Web and is built right into all major web browsers including Internet Explorer, FireFox and Safari. Almost every website incorporates some element of JavaScript to add to the user experience, adding to the demand for JavaScript developersIn recent years JavaScript has also gained use as the foundation of Node.js, a server technology that among other things enables real-time communication.  


4. C#

Dating from 2000, C# (pronounced C-sharp) is a relatively new programming language designed by Microsoft for a wide range of enterprise applications that run on the .NET Framework. An evolution of C and  C++, the C# language is simple, modern, type safe and object oriented.


5. C++

C++ (pronounced C-plus-plus) is a general purpose object-oriented programming language based on the earlier ‘C’ language. Developed by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs, C++ was first released in 1983. Stroustrup keeps an extensive list of applications written in C++. The list includes Adobe and Microsoft applications, MongoDB databases, large portions of Mac OS/X and is the best language to learn for performance-critical applications such as “twitch” game development or audio/video processing.


6. Python

Python is a general purpose programming language that was named after the Monty Python (so you know it’s fun to work with)! Python is simple and incredibly readable since it closely resembles the English language. It’s a great language for beginners, all the way up to seasoned professionals. Python recently bumped Java as the language of choice in introductory programming courses with eight of the top 10 computer science departments now using Python to teach coding, as well as 27 of the top 39 schools. Because of Python’s use in the educational realm, there are a lot of libraries created for Python related to mathematics, physics and natural processing. PBS, NASA and Reddit use Python for their websites.


7. PHP

Created by Danish-Canadian programmer Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994, PHP was never actually intended to be a new programming language. Instead, it was created to be a set of tools to help Rasmus maintain his Personal Home Page (PHP). Today, PHP (Hypertext Pre-Processor) is a scripting language, running on the server, which can be used to create web pages written in HTML. PHP tends to be a popular languages since its easy-to use by new programmers, but also offers tons of advanced features for more experienced programmers.


8. Ruby on Rails

Like Java or the C language, Ruby is a general purpose programming language, though it is best known for its use in web programming, and Rails serves as a framework for the Ruby Language. Ruby on Rails has many positive qualities including rapid development, you don’t need as much code, and there are a wide variety of 3rd party libraries available. It’s used from companies ranging from small start-ups to large enterprises and everything in-between. Hulu, Twitter, Github and Living Social are using Ruby on Rails for at least one of their web applications.


9. iOS/Swift

In 2014, Apple decided to invent their own programming language. The result was iOS Swift – a new programming language for iOS and OS X developers to create their next killer app. Developers will find that many parts of Swift are familiar from their experience of developing in C++ and Objective-C. Companies including American Airlines, LinkedIn, and Duolingo have been quick to adopt Swift, and we’ll see this language on the rise in the coming years.


Any great craftsman has a belt full of tools, each a perfect choice for certain situations. Similarly, there will never be just a single programming language, and each language will evolve and improve over time to keep pace with innovation.


SEE ALSO: Why Does The World Need More Programming Languages?

This is why, if you’re interested in becoming a developer, it’s important to be well-versed in a number of programming languages so you can be versatile and adaptable – and then continue to learn/master languages throughout your career.

Coding Dojo teaches five of 2016’s most in-demand programming languages. Whether you’re interested in picking up a new language, or learning several, make sure to check out Coding Dojo’s online and onsite programs!

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150 thoughts on “The 9 Most In-Demand Programming Languages of 2016

  1. It is really interesting to see how programming languages compete with each other, as well to observe how a language that was, for example, 4th in rating (Python) is now first in terms of popularity.

  2. I think there will be a huge demand for JavaScript Development. In fact, it is simple to learn and it has a better future ahead.

  3. Javascript should be on number one. We are daily getting thousands of queries on our website

  4. Thanks for sharing this list. I am beginner in this field and I feel these tips will come in handy while working.

    Keep sharing such amazing content,

  5. Very informative and easy to read. Now the situation in IT market has changed but are these changes so big? Still the languages you mentioned are in demand.

  6. I read your blog post and this is nice blog post.. thanks for taking the time to share with us. Have a nice day.

  7. This is a great motivating content. I am fairly much happy with your great work. You put really very information.

  8. Thank you so much for sharing such a informative article !
    this blog are very easy to understand for beginners like me
    all OOPS concepts are explain very nicely

  9. I love this article. It tells me about nine important languages at a glance. Impressive!!

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  11. Great article! I have also found such information that Python is the most wanted technology of 2018, according to the Developer Survey by StackOverflow. It also ranks as the world’s seventh most popular programming language among professional software developers.

  12. Very Impressive Python tutorial. The content seems to be pretty exhaustive and excellent and will definitely help in learning Python course. I’m also a learner taken up Python training and I think your content has cleared some concepts of mine.

  13. Great information about most demand programming language.All of these languages are in demand. But one mistake javascript is not programming language it’s a server side scripting language . First make sure about you put information are exact correctly. Thanks for sharing useful information

  14. hi
    i studied English in university and i want to work in programming language area. i really appreciate any help and support.

  15. Java is more powerful programming language because it support the pure object oriented programming language. Apart from this java support many feature like graphics,package, networking,socket programming,swing package etc.

  16. these all the good language and this is very nice post…
    and these are very useful for beginners…

  17. I’m surprised that Excel/VBA isn’t mentioned.
    It has by far one of the best debuggers.
    Macro recorder makes it easy to figure out stuff
    Tons of examples on the web
    Can modify code as you debug

  18. Finally a programming language comparison I agree with. There are so many of these with pretty questionable take-aways, but this one seems to tie in well with my intuition of which languages would be in demand.

  19. There are dozens of programming languages in extensive use today, and for aspiring developers, or anyone who wants to dabble in tech, it can be difficult to know which is the more comprehensive programming language. A Good post and nice to read a list of the demandable programming languages and they’re still very demandable.

  20. I found perl the hardest language to learn. I really didn’t find python or c++ insane. I found perl insane. I haven’t used it since 2007 though. After l master these languages l get bored of them quickly. Perl and Ruby in my opinion are the hardest

  21. Bonjour,

    votre compteur ” share post google +” est légèrement décalé par rapport aux autres.

    Sinon, bon article !

  22. Waooo! It is very paramount to know and read and understand this blog, because is very paramount to know and see what programming is all about, in Q-Basic it tells us that it build human thinkin and capacity for those who run the program, so in recommendation and my reconciliation of this article is that it’s tantamount to the program am running. THANKS, Dennis Mackalistar retchie and bjarn stroutrup.

  23. can anyone tell me about the most lucrative programming language for upcoming years?

  24. This all language is so useful…….
    Thanks for sharing………
    Thank thou……….

  25. Nice content shared. Many people can’t compare between Java and JavaScript. But you just made it as clear as possible. It was useful. Thanks thou.

  26. This article was probably created by someone with little or no knowledge of programming but wants some publicity.

  27. I Am fresh here.
    I have freshly commenced programming.
    I Am greatly expecting to be assisted well regarding programming languages ..
    Could any one tell me that Which are the apt and appropriate programming languages Make me understand abour that.

  28. I’d love to see follow-up comments or even a follow-up article on the pros and cons of each language in terms of lifestyle etc. For example, which language is best to be a freelancer working at home or to work part-time?

  29. Wow, these comments have a lot of bad advice.

    Learning a programming language is not nearly as difficult as learning to be a good developer. Wasting time arguing about why X is so much better than Y is dumb.

    Anyways, Vim rules all! Because only GREAT developers use Vim 😉

  30. There are so much of confusion in getting to understand the in demand programming language due vast areas of applications and new emerging fields in V.R and Holograms. From my analysis, the most likely ones for the future are C#,PYTHON,VC++SQL,maybe SWIFT and rest may follow in a desired order. JAVA may not be that much of demand as time goes by as there is a gradual move towards a more Unified Platform that can do all under one umbrella like Visual Studio 2015.

  31. There may be alot of “Demand” for Java but what this article doesn’t tell you is that it also has a huge supply since most colleges teach it. If you want a high salary you should learn the languages where supply doesn’t meet demand like iOS and Ruby.

  32. PHP is easy to learn as compared to JAVA because it is easier to learn and use. That is why there are so many PHP developers these days. The developers can use JAVA, PYTHON or.NET, it is completely up to them but from my point of view PHP had significant edge over its competitors as it is open source and stable. As a matter of fact, most of the recruiters, the world over, look to hire PHP developers and programmers to build dynamic websiteswhich are responsive and interactive as well.

  33. Thanks for sharing! When you’re thinking of learning programming languages it’s important to know which ones of them are in demand. But coders often have difficulties finding a job without experience. So, I think the best way to practice a language is to look for an entry-level freelance development project. I know there are a lot of such jobs here (I like this board: it has high rates and no commission fee) but it makes sense to also look in other places.

  34. Lesson 1: iOS is a kind of Operating System using Swift/ObjectiveC for application development.
    Lesson 2: RubyOnRails is a popular “Ruby Framework”. 🙂

  35. Really nice article. I don’t have any words to say. This blog has the useful article and informative. I refer my friends to visit your blog as it is very useful.

  36. Thank you very much i ma starting to programming language but we need to know about which language is best for development. Very good information again thanks about this information

  37. I’m a 20 year enterprise application developer on the ibm iSeries with the native Rpg languages. In the last 5 years SQL has completely simplified my tasks of database programming. It is not a programming language. And Java is complex to learn. I’ll leave it at that.

  38. Hey Katie,

    Thanks for sharing these programming languages, I really loved this post. I love Pyhton 🙂

  39. Wow !! Personally I’m impressed. Great info for real.. I wanna see more of tech stuff like this .. Really thank u a lot

  40. Completelly to agree with KTR and others,
    Programming was more easy in 90’s there were Delphi,C+, etc. then a group of aliens decided to create Java, James Gosling, Mike Sheridan, and Patrick Naughton.
    Now at 2016 there are too many languajes and the worse is that there are too many frameworks for every languaje, and learning a new one take valious time of our life that we could enjoy doing other things.
    I like simplicity, to have a JVM in very device is good but the sintax of Java is unreadable. I use sometimes Java but i preffer to use others languajes and save time and effort.
    Do yourself a favor avoid using Java except if it is indispensable.

  41. Here’s the real list of programming languages and their relative popularity – they rate general purpose programming languages. My two cents: SQL is not a “programming language ” (nor are HTML and CSS, even though they are mandatory for programming web applications). Knowing how to use SQL is very important, but saying it’s more “in demand” than Java or the other language just misses the point.

    Here’s the bottom line: you cannot get a job if all you know is SQL, but if you know a real programming language like Java or JavaScript or Ruby, or C++ or… you can.

  42. It’s not true that every ATS has the same qualities. Every ATS work on his own qualities. i think the best one is manage your hiring process, grow your company and transform your outlook.. Applicant Tracking System and Recruitment Software, manage your hiring process, grow your company, transform your outlook.. Provitrac gathers, organizes, screens and monitors so you find the best employees to help your company achieve maximum success.

  43. As a skilled developer and entreprenuer who has forgotten more languages than he knows and has worked in the industry for 30 years. There are only two languages on this list I have not touched yet and they are at the bottom. Thats not to say people who learn and know them are… Im very interested in learning those as well. But, lets be honest here… its not the languages you know, but what you do with them. Also knowing a few assembly languages has helped understand computers at there deepest levels.

  44. I think java is so good language for all software engeeniers. Really this is so tricky language….

  45. Learn Java and you can’t be fired! The best program for 20 years, that’s insane!

  46. I think this ranking is not representative. Java != Java, Android runs a different interpreter AND the language depends on the job u want to do. Wikipedia is powered by PHP. WordPress with +80% market share is running on PHP. Ruby/Rails is a very good combination. NodeJS is very good, GoLang is very good. SQL on the first place is something I cannot understand. I think the reality != this ranking.

  47. I think this list was created solely on the basis of a keyword search in CVs and not with real understanding and research. How else could SQL be at the top? It would be the one keyword likely to be on most CVs. As others have stated, it is NOT a programming language.

    Also, iOS was listed as a “programming language”, but in the text the blogger threw “Swift” in there. Why not put “Swift” in the chart instead? Oh, back to the keyword issue again!!!!

    So I would disregard this list. It is obviously not rigorous nor a clear reflection of reality.

  48. Ok people, stop complaining that SQL is at the top of the list… The list order is based on the number of job openings desiring knowledge/experience in that language… so it makes sense that SQL is on top because a lot of jobs require knowledge of a main language AND SQL. you could have an opening for ROR + SQL, Python + SQL, Java + SQL… right there you have 1 opening for ROR, Python, and JAVA each, but 3 openings that require you to know SQL

  49. I am impressed, its useful to all people thanks for this sharing for us and it’s an interesting article, I got the best information and best service from your blog, i am very glad to wish and sure its very helps

  50. Thank you for sharing such useful information. SQL is actually pronounced es queue el.

  51. While SQL is technically a programming language, it is not general purpose, not in the slightest. It doesn’t really belong on this list. Is there such a thing as “SQL developer” like there is for “Java developer” or “Python developer”? No. What exactly is a SQL “application” then?

  52. This all programming language is most popular to our generation I have question what are the best programming language best appropriate to use for begginner to professional developers.

  53. mmmmmh guys get real SQL is the same as excell spreadsheet even the quering is like the basic functions for a spreadsheet.

  54. Can someone tell me if there are any pdf books which provide a complete guide for SQL??

  55. I work as reporting and automation team, but would like to know which programming language is good to learn now?

  56. Good list. Poo on people who can’t wrap their heads around SQL as a programming language. Get real, an Excel spreadsheet is a programming language! Maybe not what they taught in CS 101 at the local JC but if you’re going to be a programmer you better be prepared for abstract thinking my friends!

  57. Its interesting article thanks for this Great post, and Have look to this Applicant tracking system, in this blog can get best and useful offers on jobs and employment and more useful things are available here all job seekers can take them

  58. I’m a programmer by profession and instruction and over time I’ve made myself acquainted with several programming languages. This is my two cents worth to someone who wants to get into programming and be relevant and useful in these modern times; learn JavaScript and learn it good, and don’t forget these equally important compatriots HTML(5), CSS and SQL. With that you can now ready to work with the productive tools of JavaScript, (JavaScript’s children) i.e jQuery, Cordova, AngularJs, NodeJs and Express, MongoDb, AJAX e.t.c. You are now good enough to thrive. But don’t just stop there, learn Java (you need a language with wich you can code your own web-services and multicore-optimized [forktask/join…Stream API] servlets with ease and beauty of thought process), and also learn C/C++ and Assembly Language if you personally want to have a deeper understanding of how computing devices work (people can now regard you as somewhat certified computer specialist).

    Kevin Barasa (

  59. At the time this was written C# was 15 years old and java was 20, yet c# is relatively new and java is entrenched?
    Let me also point out c# and java are nearly identical languages. Java runs on top of a JRE and c# runs on top of .NET. Both object oriented, both class based, you could literally read them side by side and not know one is java and the other is c#.

    I see this list as fairly useless.

    If you want to make lots of money programming you will either need to work for a company like google or microsoft, programming in c++, or work for a large corporation making changes to SAP using ABAP, or work for a mid sized corporation probably still using some version of the AS400/iSeries and you’ll have to learn RPG.

    All the rest is web site development, android/apple apps, ads, hardware services, very small programs and not big money makers.

  60. seriously Sql is on the top??,
    i mean in this age age of android (java programming) when IOE announced android its base os, and after releasing node angular and other awesome js projects which extend the ability of js to not only work on client side but also seaside, and after the release of nosql dbs yo really think its on the top of the list ??

  61. Thank you Katie Bouwkamp for shareing this type information. It’s really importent for programmer. I think it is very help for everybody. Thank you.

  62. Its useful article, well fantastic post thanks for this one, and Get best job offers and recruitments are provides in Applicant Tracking System it gives more important things to job seekers and employees get them from this ATS

  63. Nice list, thanks for putting it together! I’ve seen a few comments mentioning “SQL is not a programming language.” I disagree. Of course it’s a programming language! It’s just not an *imperative* programming language like C, it’s a special-purpose declarative language. It’s a great skill to pick up if for no other reason than it gives you yet another way of thinking about problems and coming up with solutions. With that said though I was really surprised to see it in the #1 spot.

  64. Interesting that she stopped at 9. Most go to 10. Probably embarrassed that coming in at 10 should be Delphi/Object Pascal. Heaven help us. Looks like it is making a comeback. Up to #10 on the TIOBE index for February 2016. It has been raising.

    And yes, SQL is NOT a programming language in the literal sense.

  65. All of these languages are in demand. Why does it matter which position they’re in? It’s not a popularity contest. You’ll easily land a job with any of them. If you’re good enough that is. Companies will most likely evaluate your skill level with some kind of coding test, like the ones from TestDome for example:

  66. Starting a business requires a giant leap of faith and the type of business you have chosen. Depending on the current business trends and the market’s demands, certain industries and businesses prove more successful than others. There are several businesses around us that are maintained by so many budding entrepreneurs. But not all services are regularly demanded by customers and a business’s earnings and success are not totally dependent on its size.

  67. While Python is becoming popular, PHP is still quite in demand.
    Java, /C++ are popular in my circles plus of course JavaScript/Python and HTML.

  68. I’m new for programmers world I want to know which are best suitable for beginners like me to start with can anyone help me

  69. I think I would trust this page ( ) over your data, to be honest. The underlying data appears to be more accurate to what I’ve seen.

    You and the author of the other page seem to underestimate the momentum that JavaScript/Node.js is having at the moment. Big players are banking heavily into this approach and are fully committed. In fact, the trend is to leave Java in the dust. It suffers greatly from security issues. I think both Internet Explorer and Safari now default to disabling it for these reasons.

    I attend programming meetings and a recruiter will stand up, introduce himself and his company. At the point where he mentions that they’re doing Java-based programming you will hear anything from laughs to groans in the audience, combined with few people bringing over their business card.

    Like the other page you don’t specifically break out .net development as a search criteria for job hunting. Think of it as Microsoft’s “me too” version of Java, in other words: machine-independent compiled code.

    You list “iOS/Swift” and yet “Objective-C” is how the other site is listing (Apple’s) XCode’s default language for the Mac and iOS.

    Another big player is Adobe who have come up with PhoneGap for cross-platform portable applications. It uses Cordova behind-the-scenes plus HTML/JavaScript/CSS to create phone apps which work without XCode, Android Studio or Visual Studio to compile them. If you’ve ever used it versus the standard method of compiling a phone app you know that the competing technology will lose.

    A new player MongoDB is gaining momentum against the juggernaut that is SQL as a relational database management system. JSON is a JavaScript-based format for using data and MongoDB stores data in this way. In short, it doesn’t store records, it stores objects instead.

    Cloud computing has the ability to scale differently than has been done in the past. Node.js and database systems like MongoDB scale in this new way, operating so that “blocking” is not really tolerated anymore. Your application’s backend may scale horizontally by time of day or even by demand. This change to cloud-based computing is then driving which programming language and platform is chosen as older systems are re-vamped. Look for Java and possibly even SQL to go away as JavaScript-related technologies take the top position.

  70. the world need one simple programming language to cove all the programming requirement and any one lazy like me should be able to learn it in few month and make programs according to his/her field.
    learning many programming languages is waste of time and it takes all the space of man memory.
    or companies should combine all these languages and remove those unnecessary parts of them and have to make them very easy to learn and and save time for writing a program.

  71. The pronunciation of SQL depends. If you work at or buy from Microsoft, it is pronounced “sequel.” At a lot of other places, It is “ess queue ell”

  72. Keeping up with trends, techniques, what works and what doesn’t is a tough job, but lists like this make it so much easier!
    Thanks for including all interesting points to read and make us aware about most in demand programming languages of 2015.

  73. Anyone that thinks Java is “grounded in readability and simplicity” cannot have used it. It is true that it is not enormously complex, any experienced programmer will get to grips with it quickly, but it is still more difficult than it ought to be, adn some aspects of it are so stupid that they beggar belief. Apart from which Java (like so many new languages) is completely unnecessary. We already had better OO languages before Sun started to develop Java.

  74. Actually, Paul, the original SQL developed at IBM was an acronym for “Structured English Query Language” (SEQUEL) and was originally pronounced “sequel”. It was shortened due to trademark issues. Both pronunciations are correct, it just depends on who you talk to (Oracle, MSSQL, etc. vs MySQL).

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