The 9 Most In-Demand Programming Languages of 2016

Glassdoor recently published a report on the top 25 lucrative, in-demand jobs. More than half of the jobs listed are in tech and require programming skills. If you’re interested in a fast-growing and lucrative career, you might want to make learning to code next on your checklist!

Next comes the hard part – deciding on the best programming language to learn.

To help narrow things down, we compiled data from Indeed.com (database including current computer programmer jobs). While this isn’t an extensive list, it does provide insight into the most in-demand programming languages sought after by employers.most-in-demand-programming-languages-2016

Breakdown of the 9 Most In-Demand Programming Languages

1.    SQL

It’s no surprise SQL (pronounced ‘sequel’) tops the job list since it can be found far and wide in various flavors. Database technologies such as MySQL, PostgreSQL and Microsoft SQL Server power big businesses, small businesses, hospitals, banks, universities. Indeed, just about every computer and person with access to technology eventually touches something SQL. For instance, all Android phones and iPhones have access to a SQL database called SQLite and many mobile apps developed Google, Skype and DropBox use it directly.

2.    Java

The tech community recently celebrated the 20th anniversary of Java. It’s one of the most widely adopted programming languages, used by some 9 million developers and running on 7 billion devices worldwide. It’s also the programming language used to develop all native Android apps. Java’s popularity with developers is due to the fact that the language is grounded in readability and simplicity. Java has staying power since it has long-term compatibility, which makes sure older applications continue to work now into the future. It’s not going anywhere anytime soon and is used to power company websites like LinkedIn.com, Netflix.com and Amazon.com.

3.    JavaScript

JavaScript – not to be confused with Java – is another one of the world’s most popular and powerful programming languages, and is used to spice up web pages by making them interactive. For example, JavaScript can be used to add effects to web pages, display pop-up messages or to create games with basic functionality. It’s also worth noting that JavaScript is the scripting language of the World Wide Web and is built right into all major web browsers including Internet Explorer, FireFox and Safari. Almost every website incorporates some element of JavaScript to add to the user experience, adding to the demand for JavaScript developersIn recent years JavaScript has also gained use as the foundation of Node.js, a server technology that among other things enables real-time communication.  

4.    C#

Dating from 2000, C# (pronounced C-sharp) is a relatively new programming language designed by Microsoft for a wide range of enterprise applications that run on the .NET Framework. An evolution of C and  C++, the C# language is simple, modern, type safe and object oriented.

5.    C++

C++ (pronounced C-plus-plus) is a general purpose object-oriented programming language based on the earlier ‘C’ language. Developed by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs, C++ was first released in 1983. Stroustrup keeps an extensive list of applications written in C++. The list includes Adobe and Microsoft applications, MongoDB databases, large portions of Mac OS/X and is the best language to learn for performance-critical applications such as “twitch” game development or audio/video processing.

6.    Python

Python is a general purpose programming language that was named after the Monty Python (so you know it’s fun to work with)! Python is simple and incredibly readable since closely resembles the English language. It’s a great language for beginners, all the way up to seasoned professionals. Python recently bumped Java as the language of choice in introductory programming courses with eight of the top 10 computer science departments now using Python to teach coding, as well as 27 of the top 39 schools. Because of Python’s use in the educational realm, there are a lot of libraries created for Python related to mathematics, physics and natural processing. PBS, NASA and Reddit use Python for their websites.

7.     PHP

Created by Danish-Canadian programmer Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994, PHP was never actually intended to be a new programming language. Instead, it was created to be a set of tools to help Rasmus maintain his Personal Home Page (PHP). Today, PHP (Hypertext Pre-Processor) is a scripting language, running on the server, which can be used to create web pages written in HTML. PHP tends to be a popular languages since its easy-to use by new programmers, but also offers tons of advanced features for more experienced programmers.

8.    Ruby on Rails

Like Java or the C language, Ruby is a general purpose programming language, though it is best known for its use in web programming, and Rails serves as a framework for the Ruby Language. Ruby on Rails has many positive qualities including rapid development, you don’t need as much code, and there are a wide variety of 3rd party libraries available. It’s used from companies ranging from small start-ups to large enterprises and everything in-between. Hulu, Twitter, Github and Living Social are using Ruby on Rails for at least one of their web applications.

9.    iOS/Swift

In 2014, Apple decided to invent their own programming language. The result was Swift – a new programming language for iOS and OS X developers to create their next killer app. Developers will find that many parts of Swift are familiar from their experience of developing in C++ and Objective-C. Companies including American Airlines, LinkedIn, and Duolingo have been quick to adopt Swift, and we’ll see this language on the rise in the coming years.

Any great craftsman has a belt full of tools, each a perfect choice for certain situations. Similarly, there will never be just a single programming language, and each language will evolve and improve over time to keep pace with innovation.

SEE ALSO: Why Does The World Needs More Programming Languages?

This is why, if you’re interested in becoming a developer, it’s important to be well-versed in a number of programming languages so you can be versatile and adaptable – and then continue to learn/master languages throughout your career.

Coding Dojo teaches five of 2016’s most in-demand programming languages. Whether you’re interested in picking up a new language, or learning several, make sure to check out Coding Dojo’s online and onsite programs!

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49 thoughts on “The 9 Most In-Demand Programming Languages of 2016

  1. I am impressed, its useful to all people thanks for this sharing for us and it’s an interesting article, I got the best information and best service from your blog, i am very glad to wish and sure its very helps

  2. Thank you for sharing such useful information. SQL is actually pronounced es queue el.

  3. This all programming language is most popular to our generation I have question what are the best programming language best appropriate to use for begginner to professional developers.

  4. mmmmmh guys get real SQL is the same as excell spreadsheet even the quering is like the basic functions for a spreadsheet.

  5. Can someone tell me if there are any pdf books which provide a complete guide for SQL??

  6. I work as reporting and automation team, but would like to know which programming language is good to learn now?

  7. Good list. Poo on people who can’t wrap their heads around SQL as a programming language. Get real, an Excel spreadsheet is a programming language! Maybe not what they taught in CS 101 at the local JC but if you’re going to be a programmer you better be prepared for abstract thinking my friends!

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  9. I’m a programmer by profession and instruction and over time I’ve made myself acquainted with several programming languages. This is my two cents worth to someone who wants to get into programming and be relevant and useful in these modern times; learn JavaScript and learn it good, and don’t forget these equally important compatriots HTML(5), CSS and SQL. With that you can now ready to work with the productive tools of JavaScript, (JavaScript’s children) i.e jQuery, Cordova, AngularJs, NodeJs and Express, MongoDb, AJAX e.t.c. You are now good enough to thrive. But don’t just stop there, learn Java (you need a language with wich you can code your own web-services and multicore-optimized [forktask/join…Stream API] servlets with ease and beauty of thought process), and also learn C/C++ and Assembly Language if you personally want to have a deeper understanding of how computing devices work (people can now regard you as somewhat certified computer specialist).

    Regards,
    Kevin Barasa (http://www.twitter.com/kbarasab).

  10. At the time this was written C# was 15 years old and java was 20, yet c# is relatively new and java is entrenched?
    Let me also point out c# and java are nearly identical languages. Java runs on top of a JRE and c# runs on top of .NET. Both object oriented, both class based, you could literally read them side by side and not know one is java and the other is c#.

    I see this list as fairly useless.

    If you want to make lots of money programming you will either need to work for a company like google or microsoft, programming in c++, or work for a large corporation making changes to SAP using ABAP, or work for a mid sized corporation probably still using some version of the AS400/iSeries and you’ll have to learn RPG.

    All the rest is web site development, android/apple apps, ads, hardware services, very small programs and not big money makers.

  11. seriously Sql is on the top??,
    i mean in this age age of android (java programming) when IOE announced android its base os, and after releasing node angular and other awesome js projects which extend the ability of js to not only work on client side but also seaside, and after the release of nosql dbs yo really think its on the top of the list ??

  12. Thank you Katie Bouwkamp for shareing this type information. It’s really importent for programmer. I think it is very help for everybody. Thank you.

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  14. Nice list, thanks for putting it together! I’ve seen a few comments mentioning “SQL is not a programming language.” I disagree. Of course it’s a programming language! It’s just not an *imperative* programming language like C, it’s a special-purpose declarative language. It’s a great skill to pick up if for no other reason than it gives you yet another way of thinking about problems and coming up with solutions. With that said though I was really surprised to see it in the #1 spot.

  15. Interesting that she stopped at 9. Most go to 10. Probably embarrassed that coming in at 10 should be Delphi/Object Pascal. Heaven help us. Looks like it is making a comeback. Up to #10 on the TIOBE index for February 2016. It has been raising.

    And yes, SQL is NOT a programming language in the literal sense.

  16. All of these languages are in demand. Why does it matter which position they’re in? It’s not a popularity contest. You’ll easily land a job with any of them. If you’re good enough that is. Companies will most likely evaluate your skill level with some kind of coding test, like the ones from TestDome for example: http://www.testdome.com/

  17. Starting a business requires a giant leap of faith and the type of business you have chosen. Depending on the current business trends and the market’s demands, certain industries and businesses prove more successful than others. There are several businesses around us that are maintained by so many budding entrepreneurs. But not all services are regularly demanded by customers and a business’s earnings and success are not totally dependent on its size. ondemandbay.com

  18. While Python is becoming popular, PHP is still quite in demand.
    Java, /C++ are popular in my circles plus of course JavaScript/Python and HTML.

  19. I’m new for programmers world I want to know which are best suitable for beginners like me to start with can anyone help me

  20. I think I would trust this page ( http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Measuring_programming_language_popularity ) over your data, to be honest. The underlying data appears to be more accurate to what I’ve seen.

    You and the author of the other page seem to underestimate the momentum that JavaScript/Node.js is having at the moment. Big players are banking heavily into this approach and are fully committed. In fact, the trend is to leave Java in the dust. It suffers greatly from security issues. I think both Internet Explorer and Safari now default to disabling it for these reasons.

    I attend programming meetings and a recruiter will stand up, introduce himself and his company. At the point where he mentions that they’re doing Java-based programming you will hear anything from laughs to groans in the audience, combined with few people bringing over their business card.

    Like the other page you don’t specifically break out .net development as a search criteria for job hunting. Think of it as Microsoft’s “me too” version of Java, in other words: machine-independent compiled code.

    You list “iOS/Swift” and yet “Objective-C” is how the other site is listing (Apple’s) XCode’s default language for the Mac and iOS.

    Another big player is Adobe who have come up with PhoneGap for cross-platform portable applications. It uses Cordova behind-the-scenes plus HTML/JavaScript/CSS to create phone apps which work without XCode, Android Studio or Visual Studio to compile them. If you’ve ever used it versus the standard method of compiling a phone app you know that the competing technology will lose.

    A new player MongoDB is gaining momentum against the juggernaut that is SQL as a relational database management system. JSON is a JavaScript-based format for using data and MongoDB stores data in this way. In short, it doesn’t store records, it stores objects instead.

    Cloud computing has the ability to scale differently than has been done in the past. Node.js and database systems like MongoDB scale in this new way, operating so that “blocking” is not really tolerated anymore. Your application’s backend may scale horizontally by time of day or even by demand. This change to cloud-based computing is then driving which programming language and platform is chosen as older systems are re-vamped. Look for Java and possibly even SQL to go away as JavaScript-related technologies take the top position.

  21. the world need one simple programming language to cove all the programming requirement and any one lazy like me should be able to learn it in few month and make programs according to his/her field.
    learning many programming languages is waste of time and it takes all the space of man memory.
    or companies should combine all these languages and remove those unnecessary parts of them and have to make them very easy to learn and and save time for writing a program.

  22. The pronunciation of SQL depends. If you work at or buy from Microsoft, it is pronounced “sequel.” At a lot of other places, It is “ess queue ell”

  23. Keeping up with trends, techniques, what works and what doesn’t is a tough job, but lists like this make it so much easier!
    Thanks for including all interesting points to read and make us aware about most in demand programming languages of 2015.

  24. Anyone that thinks Java is “grounded in readability and simplicity” cannot have used it. It is true that it is not enormously complex, any experienced programmer will get to grips with it quickly, but it is still more difficult than it ought to be, adn some aspects of it are so stupid that they beggar belief. Apart from which Java (like so many new languages) is completely unnecessary. We already had better OO languages before Sun started to develop Java.

  25. Actually, Paul, the original SQL developed at IBM was an acronym for “Structured English Query Language” (SEQUEL) and was originally pronounced “sequel”. It was shortened due to trademark issues. Both pronunciations are correct, it just depends on who you talk to (Oracle, MSSQL, etc. vs MySQL).

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